Reduction of Blood Pressure Throught Exercises Among Elderly with Hipertension

  • Solihin Solihin Univesitas Prima Indonesia
  • Neny Setia Ningsih Univesitas Prima Indonesia
  • Stevany Sholikhah Univesitas Prima Indonesia
  • Tri Aulianta Mangunsong Univesitas Prima Indonesia
  • Emanuel Emartinus Giawa Univesitas Prima Indonesia
  • Kristina L Silalahi Univesitas Prima Indonesia
Keywords: blood pressure, elderly exercises, hipertention


Hypertension causes morbidities for everyone especially in elderly. In the management of hypertension in cardiovascular disease, one of the non-pharmacological aspects is physical activity, one of which is elderly exercise, which can reduce the risk of lipid buildup in the walls of blood vessels and maintained elasticity thereby increasing cardiac physiology and lowering blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of elderly exercise on reducing blood pressure in hypertensive patients. Quantitative study with One Group Pre-Posttest Design. The sample consisted of 45 elderly with hypertension. The study was conducted on May 12-16, 2020. The intervention carried out was elderly exercise for 3 times, the value of blood pressure measurement was recorded on the observation sheet. Data analyzed used paired t-test. The results obtained p = 0,000 (P <0.05) that there are differences in systole and diastole blood pressure before and after elderly gymnastics. The importance of the elderly to do regular exercise to reduce and reduce the presence of hypertension complaints.


Bauer, et. all. (2015). Effect of different exercise modalities on blood pressure variability. Journal of Hypertension.33(287). Doi: 10.1097/01.hjh.0000468243.78023.b0
Buford T. W., (2016). Hypertension and aging. Ageing research reviews. 26, 96–111.
Cetin, S., Ece, C., Sen, M., Cetin, H., Aydogan, A. (2019). The effect of pilates and aerobic exercises on blood pressure, heart rates, and blood serum lipids in sendetary females. Journal of Education and Training Studies. 7(4). 229 – 235. doi:10.11114/jets.v7i4.4077
Choi, H M., Hyeon C K., Dae R K. (2017). Sex differences in hypertension prevalence and control: Analysis of the 2010-2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PLos One. 12(5)
Hakim, A. F., & Pandith A. (2016). The effect of elderly exercise on blood pressure in budi luhur clinic of cimahi. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research. 5(12). ISSN 2277-8616
Hariati, H., Ismayadi I. (2015). Pengaruh kompres hangat terhadap skala nyeri pada lansia dengan reumatoid artritis di Puskesmas Amplas. Skripsi. Medan. Universitas Sumatera Utara. Retrieved from
Izhar, M. D. (2017). Pengaruh senam lansia terhadap tekanan darah di panti sosial tresna werdha budi luhur jambi. Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari . 17(1). Retrieved from
Jatiningsih, K. (2016). Pengaruh senam lansia terhdap tekanan darah pada lanjut usia dengan hipertensi di posyandu lanjut usia do desa wotgaleh sukoharjo. Retrieved from
Lisiswanti, R., & Dea N. A. (2016). Upaya pencegahan hipertensi. Medical Journal Of Lampung University. 5(3). Retrieved from .id/index.php/ majority/article/view/1036/830
Nascimento, D., Silva, C., Vieira, D., Schoenfeld, B., Prestes, J. (2019) New insights for statistical analysis of blood pressure response to resistance training in elderly hypertensive women. Journal Physical Education. 30(1). 1-11.
Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Kardiovaskular Indonesia. (2015). Pedoman Tatalaksana Hipertensi pada Penyakit Kardiovaskular. Edisi 1. Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Kardiovaskular Indonesia, Jakarta.
Petrovic, I. Marincovic, M. (2018). Effects Of Different Types Of Exercise Programs On Arterial Blood Pressure Of The Elderly. Physical Education and Sport. 16(4): 725-737.
Ruangthai, R. Phoemsapthawee, J. (2019). Combined exercise training improves blood pressure and antioxidant capacity in elderly individuals with hypertension. J Exct Sci Fit. 17(1): 67-76. doi: 10.1016/j.jesf.2019.03.001. Epub 2019 Mar 15.
WHO. (2015). World Health Statisticts. Global Hypertension Report 2015.Switzerland. Retrieved from
Wicaksono, S. (2015). Hubungan usia dan jenis kelamin lansia dengan peningkatan tekanan darah (hipertensi) di dusun 1 desa kembangseri kecamatan talang empat bengkulu tengah tahun 2015. Jurnal Kedokteran Raflesia. 5(1).
How to Cite
Solihin, S., Ningsih, N., Sholikhah, S., Mangunsong, T., Giawa, E., & Silalahi, K. (2020). Reduction of Blood Pressure Throught Exercises Among Elderly with Hipertension. Jurnal Ilmiah Permas: Jurnal Ilmiah STIKES Kendal, 10(3), 327-334. Retrieved from