Intensitas Aktivitas Fisik Bersepeda Berhubungan dengan Kadar Asam Urat, Indeks Massa Tubuh dan Kesehatan Mental Selama Pandemi Covid 19

  • Herin Mawarti Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Pesantren Tinggi Darul Ulum Jombang
  • Vivi Firizqy Amalia Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Pesantren Tinggi Darul Ulum Jombang
Keywords: aktivitas fisik bersepeda, asam urat, indeks massa tubuh, kesehatan mental


Pada masa pandemi Corona Virus Disease 2019, anjuran pemerintah untuk melakukan aktivitas di dalam rumah mempengaruhi  gaya hidup yang semakin tidak aktif. Hal ini beresiko obesitas, timbulnya penyakit gout dan juga mempengaruhi kesehatan mental. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisa hubungan antara intensitas aktifitas fisik bersepeda dengan kadar asam urat, indeks massa tubuhdan kesehatan mental selama pandemi Covid 19 pada komunitas bersepeda Dagobar Jombang. Desain penelitian analitik korelasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi semua anggota Komunitas Dagobar yang berjumlah 30 orang, yang terdiri dari 19 orang berjenis kelamin laki-laki dan 11 orang berjenis kelamin perempuan diambil purposive sampling. Variabel independen intensitas aktivitas fisik dan variabel dependen kadar asam urat, indeks massa tubuhdan kesehatan mental. Penilaian intensitas aktivitas fisik menggunakan kuesioner Baecke Questinnare, status kesehatan mental kuesioner Self Reporting Questioneire (SRQ)-20, kadar asam urat menggunakan alat Easy Touch GCU dan Pengukuran indeks massa tubuh mengunakan timbangan berat badan onemed dan meteran pengukur tinggi badan onemed. Kriteria penilaian menurut P2PTM Kemenkes RI . Data dianalisis dengan uji Chi Square dan wilcoxon signed test. Ada hubungan intensitas aktivitas fisik bersepeda dengan  kadar asam urat (pvalue=0,037) dan indeks massa tubuh (pvalue=0,034). Terdapat perbedaan signifikan kesehatan mental sebelum dan sesudah bersepeda (pvalue=0,003). Aktivitas fisik bersepeda dengan intensitas rendahmemiliki kadar asam urat dan indeks massa tubuh normal demikian sebaliknya. Penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa aktifitas fisik bersepeda dengan tetap memperhatikan protokol kesehatan sangat baik dibutuhkan untuk menjaga kesehatan fisik dan mental.


Bahrudin, B. D. U. (2015). Hubungan Antara Intensitas Aktivitas Fisik dan Kadar Asam Urat Serum pada Populasi Sindrom Metabolik. Media Medika Muda, 4(3), 509–521.
Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet, 395(10227), 912–920.
Budi, D. R., Widyaningsih, R., Nur, L., Agustan, B., Dwi, D. R. S., Qohhar, W., & Asnaldi, A. (2021). Cycling during covid-19 pandemic: Sports or lifestyle? International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 9(4), 765–771.
da Silveira, M. P., da Silva Fagundes, K. K., Bizuti, M. R., Starck, É., Rossi, R. C., & de Resende e Silva, D. T. (2021). Physical exercise as a tool to help the immune system against COVID-19: an integrative review of the current literature. Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 21(1), 15–28.
Füzéki, E., Groneberg, D. A., & Banzer, W. (2020). Physical activity during COVID-19 induced lockdown: Recommendations. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 15(1), 1–5.
Guthold, R., Stevens, G. A., Riley, L. M., & Bull, F. C. (2018). Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1•9 million participants. The Lancet Global Health, 6(10), e1077–e1086.
Hatayama. (2015). Nonpharmacological Management of Gout and Hyperuricemia : Hints for Better. 11(4), 321–329.
Hu, S., Tucker, L., Wu, C., & Yang, L. (2020). Beneficial Effects of Exercise on Depression and Anxiety During the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Narrative Review. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11(November), 1–10.
Jablonski, K., Young, N. A., Henry, C., Caution, K., Kalyanasundaram, A., Okafor, I., Harb, P., Schwarz, E., Consiglio, P., Cirimotich, C. M., Bratasz, A., Sarkar, A., Amer, A. O., Jarjour, W. N., & Schlesinger, N. (2020). Physical activity prevents acute inflammation in a gout model by downregulation of TLR2 on circulating neutrophils as well as inhibition of serum CXCL1 and is associated with decreased pain and inflammation in gout patients. PLoS ONE, 15(10 October), 1–17.
Jiménez-Pavón, D., Carbonell-Baeza, A., and Lavie, C. J. (2020). Physical exercise as therapy to fight against the mental and physical consequences of COVID-19 quarantine: Special focus in older people. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, January, 386–388.
Lippi, G., Henry, B. M., & Sanchis-gomar, F. (2020). Physical inactivity and cardiovascular disease at the time of coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ). Europen Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 1–3.
Mason, T. B., Barrington-Trimis, J., & Leventhal, A. M. (2021). Eating to Cope With the COVID-19 Pandemic and Body Weight Change in Young Adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2, 1–7.
Moker, E. A., Bateman, L. A., Kraus, W. E., & Pescatello, L. S. (2014). The relationship between the blood pressure responses to exercise following training and detraining periods. PLoS ONE, 9(9).
Netsereab, T. B., Kifle, M. M., Tesfagiorgis, R. B., Habteab, S. G., Weldeabzgi, Y. K., & Tesfamariam, O. Z. (2018). Validation of the WHO self-reporting questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) item in primary health care settings in Eritrea 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 12(1), 1–9.
Philippou, A., Chryssanthopοulos, C., Maridaki, M., & Koutsilieris, M. (2019). The role of exercise in obesity. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews, 13(5), 2861–2862.
Pilozzi, A., Carro, C., & Huang, X. (2021). Roles of β-endorphin in stress, behavior, neuroinflammation, and brain energy metabolism. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22(1), 1–25.
Services, U. S. D. of H. and H. (2018). Physical activity guidelines for Americans. The Oklahoma Nurse, 53(4), 25.
Siordia, J. A. (2020). Epidemiology and clinical features of COVID-19: A review of current literature. Journal of Clinical Virology, 127(April), 104357.
Sleiman, S. F., Henry, J., Al-Haddad, R., El Hayek, L., Haidar, E. A., Stringer, T., Ulja, D., Karuppagounder, S. S., Holson, E. B., Ratan, R. R., Ninan, I., & Chao, M. V. (2016). Exercise promotes the expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) through the action of the ketone body β- hydroxybutyrate. eLife, 5(JUN2016), 1–21.
van der Westhuizen C, Wyatt G, Williams JK, Stein DJ, S. K. (2016). Validation of the Self Reporting Questionnaire 20-Item (SRQ-20) for Use in a Low- and Middle-Income Country Emergency Centre Setting. Int J Ment Health Addict, 14(1), 37–48.
Vancini RL, de CAB L, Andrade MS, A. R. (2020). Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID- 19 . The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect , the company ’ s public news and information. January.
Wiwik, R., Astari, D., Ketut, N., Mirayanti, A., & Arisusana, I. M. (2018). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar asam urat pada usia produktif di Desa Nongan, Kabupaten Karangasem. BMJ, 5(2), 273–280.
Xiang, Y. T., Yang, Y., Li, W., Zhang, L., Zhang, Q., Cheung, T., & Ng, C. H. (2020). Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(3), 228–229.
Zachary, Z., Forbes, B., Lopez, B., Pedersen, G., Welty, J., Deyo, A., & Kerekes, M. (2020). Self-quarantine and weight gain related risk factors during the COVID-19 pandemic. Elseiver, 210–216.
Zhu, C., Cui, R., Gao, M., Rampersad, S., You, H., Sheng, C., Yang, P., Sheng, H., Cheng, X., Bu, L., & Qu, S. (2017). The Associations of Serum Uric Acid with Obesity-Related Acanthosis nigricans and Related Metabolic Indices. International Journal of Endocrinology, 1–9.
How to Cite
Mawarti, H., & Amalia, V. (2022). Intensitas Aktivitas Fisik Bersepeda Berhubungan dengan Kadar Asam Urat, Indeks Massa Tubuh dan Kesehatan Mental Selama Pandemi Covid 19. Jurnal Ilmiah Permas: Jurnal Ilmiah STIKES Kendal, 12(1), 125-134.