Simulation-Based Training Methods in Improving Patient Safety
Patient safety is one area that is interacted into all fields of health. The patient safety program at the hospital as one of the conditions that must be evaluated through the accreditation process, to encourage specific improvements in patient safety. The growing movement to reduce medical errors through innovative methods for teaching skills by shifting to the use of simulation through interventions in maintaining basic procedural skills. The training method is carried out using a simulation approach, a situation that must be displayed as closely as possible to the actual situation but only an imitation. Objective: To discuss simulation-based training methods in improving patient safety. A systematic review through a literature review sourced from Science Direct, EBSCO, ProQuest, ClinicalKey and Pubmed was taken from 2015-2020, with keywords for search training, simulation, patient safety and nursing. From 7 reviewed journals found simulation-based training methods can improve the application of patient safety: (i) increase the knowledge and skills developed and have a positive impact on patient safety, (ii) improve team performance by interactive learning and changing individual behaviour, (iii) improve team communication through the development of knowledge, skills and attitudes. Simulation-based training can be input for hospitals and education to be used as a method of patient safety learning that is ongoing, consistent and continuously evaluates the results.
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