The Relationship of Risk Factors with Diabetes Mellitus

  • Akhmad Fanani Universitas Qamarul Huda Badaruddin
Keywords: diabetes mellitus, risk factors

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a disease linked to sex or genital chromosomes. Usually men become the real sufferers while women as the party that carries genes to be passed on to their children.The number of people with diabetes mellitus is influenced by several factors including age, heredity (genetics), obesity and smoking habits. To determine the relationship of risk factors (age, heredity, obesity, smoking habits) with the incidence of diabetes mellitus in Dasan Tapen Public Health Center, West Lombok Regency. This research is survey research with cross sectional approach.The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire. The sampling technique used was accidental sampling with a total sample of 52 people. Analysis of the data used is univariate in the form of narration, frequency and percentage distribution tables, and bivariate using cross tabulation and Cochran's the Mantel-Haenszel statistical tests. This study shows that from 52 respondents on age risk factors, the value of p = 0.047 <α 0.05, while the other risk factors obtained p value = 0.000 <α 0.05, age has an odd ratio value = 8.889, which means someone who is aged over 40 years has a risk of 8 times, genetics have an odd ratio value = 21,538 which means someone who has a history of heredity has a risk of 21 times, obesity has an odd ratio value = 92,500 which means someone who is obese has a risk of 92 times, and smoking has an odd ratio value of 23,400 which means smokers have a risk of 23 times. Conclusionage, heredity, obesity, smoking habits have a relationship with the incidence of diabetes mellitus.

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Published
2020-06-06
How to Cite
Fanani, A. (2020). The Relationship of Risk Factors with Diabetes Mellitus. Jurnal Keperawatan, 12(3), 371-378. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32583/keperawatan.v12i3.763
Section
Articles