Pengaruh tehnik distraksi menghardik dengan spiritual terhadap halusinasi pasien

  • Nurlaili Nurlaili
  • Adnil Edwin Nurdin
  • Dewi Eka Putri
  • Yulastri Arif
  • Basmanelly Basmanelly
  • Feri Fernandes
Keywords: tehnik distraksi, halusinasi, spiritual, asuhan keperawatan mandiri, skizofrenia

Abstract

Halusinasi mengakibatkan bunuh diri, mencederai orang lain atau merusak lingkungan. Halusinasi harus diturunkan dengan asuhan keperawatan mandiri dan kolaborasi obat-obatan. Asuhan keperawatan mandiri dengan tehnik distraksi. Tehnik distraksi terdiri dari 3, yaitu: distraksi melawan dengan suara keras, distraksi menghindar melalui bercakap-cakap dengan orang lain dan distraksi mengalihkan dengan melakukan aktifitas terjadwal. Fokus penelitian ini pada tehnik distraksi menghardik yang dikombinasikan dengan terapi spiritual.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh tehnik distraksi menghardik dengan spiritual terhadap halusinasi pasien. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan desain “Quasy Experimental Pre-Post Test With Control Group”. Tehnik pengambilan sampel dengan purposive sampling berjumlah 94 pasien halusinasi pendengaran, terdiri dari 47 responden kelompok intervensi dan 47 responden kelompok kontrol. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner dari Haddock berupa Auditory Hallucinations Rating Scale (AHRS). Teknik analisis menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat dengan uji paired t-test dan independent t-test. Hasil Penelitian ada pengaruh tehnik distraksi menghardik dengan spiritual terhadap penurunan halusinasi pasien dengan nilai ƿ value 0,000. Kesimpulan penerapan tehnik distraksi menghardik dengan spiritual dapat menurunkan halusinasi pasien.

                                         

Kata kunci : tehnik distraksi,  halusinasi, spiritual, asuhan keperawatan mandiri, skizofrenia

 

THE INFLUENCE OF SPIRITUAL DISTRACTION TECHNIQUES REBUKES THE PATIENT'S HALLUCINATIONS

 

ABSTRACT

Hallucinations result in suicide, injury to others or damage the environment. Hallucinations must be derived from independent nursing care and drug collaboration. Independent nursing care with distraction techniques. Distraction technique consists of 3, namely: distraction against loud, distraction avoids through conversing with other people and distraction distracts by carrying out scheduled activities. The focus of this study is on rebuking distraction techniques combined with spiritual therapy. This study aims to determine the effect of rebuking with spiritual rebellion techniques on patient hallucinations. The research method uses quantitative methods with the design "Quasy Experimental Pre-Post Test With Control Group". Sampling technique with purposive sampling amounted to 94 patients with auditory hallucinations, consisting of 47 respondents in the intervention group and 47 respondents in the control group. The research instrument used a questionnaire from Haddock in the form of the Auditory Hallucinations Rating Scale (AHRS). The analysis technique uses univariate and bivariate analysis with paired t-test and independent t-test. The results of the study have the effect of spiritual rebuking distraction techniques on decreasing hallucinations of patients with a value of ,000 0,000. Conclusion The application of spiritual rebuking distraction techniques can reduce patient hallucinations.

 

Keywords: distraction techniques, hallucinations, spiritual, independent nursing care, schizophrenia

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Published
2019-09-26
How to Cite
Nurlaili, N., Nurdin, A., Putri, D., Arif, Y., Basmanelly, B., & Fernandes, F. (2019). Pengaruh tehnik distraksi menghardik dengan spiritual terhadap halusinasi pasien. Jurnal Keperawatan, 11(3), 177-190. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32583/keperawatan.v11i3.548
Section
Articles