Pengetahuan Perawat tentang Early Warning Score dalam Penilaian Dini Kegawatan Pasien Kritis

  • Dyah Restuning Prihati AKPER Widya Husada Semarang
  • Maulidta Karunianingtyas Wirawati AKPER Widya Husada Semarang
Keywords: pengetahuan, early warning score, kegawatan


Use of Early Warning Scores are very closely related to the role of nurses in carrying out daily observations of vital signs. Nurses carry out nursing care, as care giver provides services by carrying out daily assessments and monitoring the patient's condition, when there is a deterioration in the situation, the first person to know is a nurse and therefore called the Nursing Early Warning Scores. This research is to find out the description of nurses' knowledge about the early warning score in the early assessment of the emergency of critical patients in RSUD K.R.M.T. Wongsonegoro Semarang. This study uses a descriptive quantitative research design with a survey approach. the population in this study were all nurses who worked in Nakul 2 and 3 rooms as many as 39 nurses in the RSUD K.R.M.T. Wongsonegoro Semarang. Sampling using total sampling technique that is as many as 39 people. Data collection is done using a questionnaire. Data analysis includes univariate analysis by describing the frequency distribution of each variable. The results of this study indicate that respondents according to the level of knowledge as many as 36 (92.3%) respondents with sufficient knowledge. Respondents with less knowledge of 3 (7.7%) respondents. Conclusion: the knowledge level of most nurses towards the early warning score in the early assessment of the emergency of critical patients is categorized sufficient. Recommendation: it is necessary to have an Early Warning Score training in Critical Patient Early Assessment to the room nurse.

Keywords: Knowledge, Early Warning Score, Emergency


Christensen, K. &. (2009). Proses Keperawatan Aplikasi Model Konseptual, Edisi 4. Jakarta: EGC.
Kozier. (2010). Buku Ajar Fundamental Keperawatan: Konsep, Proses dan Praktik. Jakarta: EGC.
Notoatmojo. (2010). Pendidikan dan Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Duncan, K. M. (2012). Early Warning Systems: the next level of rapid response. Nursing, 42(2), 38–44.
Eriawan, R. D., Wantiyah, & Ardiana, A. (2013). Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Perawat dengan Tindakan Keperawatan pada Pasien Pasca Operasi dengan General Aenesthesia di Ruang Pemulihan IBS RSD Dr. Soebandi Jember. Jurnal Pustaka Kesehatan, 1(1), 54–61. Retrieved from
Fox, A., & Elliott, N. (2015). Early Warning Scores: A sign of Deterioration in Patients and Systems. Nursing Management, 22(1), 26–31.
Laoh, J. M., & Konny Rako. (2014). Gambaran Pengetahuan Perawat Pelaksana Dalam Penanganan Pasien Gawat Darurat Di Ruangan IGDM BLU RSUP. Prof. Dr. R. D Kandou Manado. Jurnal Ilmiah Perawat Manado, 3(2), 43–51.
National Clinical Effectiveness Committee. (2013). National Early Warning Score National Clinical Guideline No. 1. Royal College of Physicians of Ireland.
The Royal College of Physicians. (2017). National Early Warning Score National Early Warning Score ( NEWS ) 2. Retrieved from
V Maatilu, N Mulyadi, R. M. (2014). Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Response Time Perawat Pada Penanganan Pasien Gawat Darurat Di IGD RSUP Prof.Dr . R. D. Kandou Manado. Jurnal Keperawatan UNSRAT, 2(2). Retrieved from
Widiastuti, L. (2017). Efektifitas Early Warning Score Dalam Deteksi Kegawatdaruratan Di Trauma Center RUMKITAL Dr. Midiyato S Tanjungpinang. Jurnal Keperawatan, 7(2), 775–781.
Widodo. (2016). Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pengetahuan Perawat Tentang Penatalaksanaan Asuhan Keperawatan Pasien Dekompensasi Kordis Di Ruang ICVCU RSUD Dr.Moewardi. Jurnal Keperawatan Global, 1(2), 55–103. Retrieved from
Yoon, P., Steiner, I., Reinhardt, G. (2003). Analysis of Factos Influencing Length of Stay in The Emergency departments. Can J Emerg Med, 5(3), 155–161.Retrieved from
How to Cite
Prihati, D., & Wirawati, M. (2019). Pengetahuan Perawat tentang Early Warning Score dalam Penilaian Dini Kegawatan Pasien Kritis. Jurnal Keperawatan, 11(4), 237-242.